Are you a foreigner and you wonder if you can legally run your business in Poland? And if so, how to do it? Where to look for information on this topic in English?
Who can set up a company in Poland?
First of all, it’s worth knowing that you can set up a company on the same terms as Polish citizens if you are a citizen of a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic Area. If you are a citizen of another country, you can also set up a business in Poland, if you have, for example, a permanent residence permit, refugee status or a valid Polish Card. A full list of conditions can be found HERE.
However, if you do not meet any of the above-mentioned conditions, then in order to run a company in Poland, you can only start a business in the form of registered partnerships, limited joint-stock partnerships, limited liability companies, joint-stock companies.
How to register a business?
In Poland, the simplest form of establishing a company is the so-called sole trader (self-employment). It must be registered in the CEIDG (Central Registration and Information on Business). You can complete the registration application online HERE.
However, if you do not have a PESEL number, you will be asked to show an authorized employee of the municipal office a passport or other document confirming your identity and citizenship.
Where will I pay taxes?
According to the so-called the residence principle, if you have your place of residence for tax purposes in Poland (so-called resident), you have an unlimited tax obligation, i.e. you tax all income in Poland, earned both in Poland and abroad.
A natural person is considered to be a resident of Poland if he or she:
- has a centre of personal or economic interests (centre of life interests) on the territory of Poland or
- stays on Polish territory for more than 183 days in a tax year.
This means that if your company’s headquarters is in Poland, or if you stay here longer than 183 days a year, you are subject to taxation in Poland on all your income, regardless of where you earn it.
Where can I find more information about running a company in Poland?
Do you need any support in setting up a business? Do you want to consult your vision? Make an appointment with our Entrepreneur Counsellor HERE.